A Little History Part Four; Valentines Special

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So start my “A little History Series” I thought we might look into Valentines Day I have dug up a bit of trivia about this oh-so Loved Up day.
Every February 14, across many part’s of the world, card’s and gift’s are exchanged between loved ones, all in the name of St. Valentine. But who is this mysterious Valentine? and where did these traditions come from?

THE LEGEND OF ST. VALENTINE

The history of Valentine’s Day and the story of its patron saint is surround by mystery and intrigue. So February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, and love but it’s not all about the gift’s, flowers and card’s it’s original state of St Valentines Day was full of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition.
But who was Saint Valentine? and more importantly how did he become associated with this ancient rite?

Saint Valentine

The Catholic Church recognizes at least three different saints named Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred. One legend say’s that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. The then Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, he outlawed marriage for young men. Well obviously Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death.

 
There are many other stories about how Valentine died but there are just too many to mention for my little segment so there is a link at the bottom of the page that may be interesting for those who wish to learn more.

ORIGINS OF VALENTINE’S DAY: A PAGAN FESTIVAL IN FEBRUARY

There is two version’s of what some people believe valentine’s day is all about about, some believe that Valentine’s Day is celebrated commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s death or burial–which probably occurred around A.D. 270. And other’s believe that Valentine’s Day was created by the Christian church who may have decided to place St. Valentine’s feast day in the middle of February in an effort to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of Lupercalia.

 
Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman goddess of agriculture which was celebrated at Ides which is thought to be February 15.

 
The Festival of Lupercalia : The Luperci (an order of Roman priests) would gather at a sacred cave where the infants Romulus and Remus were believed to have been cared for by a she-wolf or lupa. The priests would sacrifice a goat, for fertility, and a dog, for purification. They would then strip the goat’s hide into strips, dip them into the sacrificial blood and take to the streets, gently slapping both women and crop fields with the goat hide. Roman women welcomed the touch of the hides because it was believed to make them more fertile in the coming year. Later in the day all the young women in the city would place their names in a big urn. The city’s bachelors would each choose a name and become paired for the year with his chosen woman. These matches often ended in marriage.

VALENTINE’S DAY: A DAY OF ROMANCE

Lupercalia survived the initial rise of Christianity and but was outlawed at the end of the 5th century, when Pope Gelasius declared February 14 St. Valentine’s Day. It was not until much later, however, that the day became definitively associated with love.
Valentine greetings were popular as far back as the Middle Ages, though written Valentine’s didn’t begin to appear until after 1400. The oldest known valentine still in existence today was a poem written in 1415 by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife while he was imprisoned in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt.

 
“Je suis desja d’amour tanné
Ma tres doulce Valentinée…” Charles, Duck of Orleans 1415

 
Did You Know?
Approximately 150 million Valentine’s Day cards are exchanged annually, making Valentine’s Day the second most popular card-sending holiday after Christmas.

 
A History Of Valentines Day
Saints, Beheading’s and Chaucer; A Valentines History

Valentines Poetry

 


The earliest surviving valentines in English appears to be those in the Paston Letters, written in 1477 by Margery Brewes to her future husband John Paston.

 
“my right well-beloved Valentine” Margery Brewes 1477

 
Valentine’s Day is mentioned ruefully by Ophelia in Hamlet (1600–1601) Below :

 
To-morrow is Saint Valentine’s day,
All in the morning betime,
And I a maid at your window,
To be your Valentine.
Then up he rose, and donn’d his clothes,
And dupp’d the chamber-door;
Let in the maid, that out a maid
Never departed more.”
William Shakespeare, Hamlet, Act IV, Scene 5
“All the Ayre is thy Diocese
And all the chirping Queristers
And other birds ar thy parishioners
Thou marryest every yeare
The Lyrick Lark, and the graue whispering Doue,
The Sparrow that neglects his life for loue,
The houshold bird with the redd stomacher
Thou makst the Blackbird speede as soone,
As doth the Goldfinch, or the Halcyon
The Husband Cock lookes out and soone is spedd
And meets his wife, which brings her feather-bed.
This day more cheerfully than ever shine
This day which might inflame thy selfe old Valentine.”

The verse Roses are red echoes conventions traceable as far back as Edmund Spenser’s epic The Faerie Queene (1590) Below :

“She bath’d with roses red, and violets blew,
And all the sweetest flowres, that in the forrest grew.”

The modern cliché Valentine’s Day poem can be found in the collection of English nursery rhymes Gammer Gurton’s Garland (1784) below :

“The rose is red, the violet’s blue,
The honey’s sweet, and so are you.
Thou art my love and I am thine;
I drew thee to my Valentine:
The lot was cast and then I drew,
And Fortune said it shou’d be you.” 

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A Chat With. . .Author Julia London

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Today at Chicks Rogues and Scandals, I am very, very happy to announce that brilliant Author Julia London has come have a chat with me, so take a seat and let’s get to know Julia. . .

Julia London is the New York Times and USA Today best-selling author of more than thirty romantic fiction novels. She is the author of the popular Cabot Sisters Historical Series, including The Trouble With Honor, The Devil Takes A Bride, and The Scoundrel and The Debutante. She is also the author of several contemporary romances, including Homecoming Ranch, Return to Homecoming Ranch and The Perfect Homecoming.

Julia is the recipient of the RT Book club Award for Best Historical Romance and a six-time finalist for the prestigious RITA award for excellence in romantic fiction

She is also good friend’s with Author Teri Wilson and one of her first love’s is her Golden Labrador Moose.

Moose

 

Julia and Teri

 

Reading Chick : Hi Julia, Welcome to Chicks, Rogues and Scandals, Thank you for taking the time to chat with me today, Firstly, If you could live in any era and place, When and where would it be?

 
Julia : I am very happy living in the present. I would like to visit the regency era, but I think the bathroom and shower situation would get to me after a day or so. 🙂

 
Reading Chick : Very true! Who was your childhood hero?

 
Julia : I can’t think of an admirable childhood hero I might have had. I’d like to say an astronaut or a president, but honestly, my heroes were people like Charlie’s Angels and the two men on Alias Smith and Jones

 
Reading Chick : I those are really great people to look up to, after all who doesn’t alike a set of good looking guy’s in western garb? 🙂 OK, What is your favorite time of the year?

 
Julia : I live in Texas, and it is so blistering hot by the end of summer that I look forward to fall. I love that time of year—cool mornings and mild afternoons.

 
Reading Chick : I have to say I do prefer the cooler month’s too, Out of all your work, who is your favorite character and why?

 
Julia : My favorite character that I have ever written, hands down, is Leo Kendrick from the Pine River series. He is the only character I have written in first person, and the only character who truly took on a life of his own as I was writing him. It felt as if I’d lost a real friend at the end of that series.

Homecoming Ranch Return to Homecoming Ranch The Perfect Homecoming

 

Reading Chick : That is a really great character choice, Love it! What three tip’s would you pass on to an aspiring author?

 
Julia : 1. Write every day. 2. Read every day. 3. Don’t give up.

 
Reading Chick : Practical and really great tip’s, thank you Julia, OK moving on, If you were hosting a dinner party what three people would you invite? (They can be real/fictional, dead or alive)

 
Julia : 1. Colin Firth because he will always be Mr. Darcy to me. 2. Mark Twain to make us laugh. 3. Eddie Veder because I am going to marry him some day.

The one and only Mr Darcy, Especially for Julia

Reading Chick : I like it, I think Colin Firth will always be Mr Darcy to a lot of women, me included. Thank you again for taking the time out of your busy schedule to chat with me today Julia, I have just one more cheeky question, just for fun. . .What is your all time favorite naughty but nice food?

 
Julia : Brownies. Sinfully, hopelessly, unequivocally cannot resist the brownies.

 
Reading Chick : Love it, Brownie’s are pure heaven in my book’s, Thank you again Julia.

If you would like to get more information about Julia and her book’s then click on the link’s below.

Website

Amazon

Facebook

Goodreads

Twitter @juliaflondon

The Year of Living Scandalously

For a chance of winning either a signed book or a audio version of “The Year Of Living Scandalously” leave a comment below. . .Good Luck!

Who is your Valentine?

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I am appealing to my lovely reader’s. . .Why? Because it is Valentines Day this weekend I am going to be doing a Valentines special for my Weekend Hottie’s but with a difference, I would like to post not my own favorite Valentine but my reader’s.

There is no theme or anything I just want to know your own favorite or dream Valentine and I will post them in my Valentines special.

Let me know!

Her Every Pleasure ~ Review

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Gaelen Foley : Her Every Pleasure (The Spice Trilogy #3)

Back Blurb :
Princess Sophia was only a child when Napoleon conquered the island paradise ruled by her father. Raised in England and now twenty-one, she mean’s to claim the throne that is rightfully her’s and bring peace to her war torn land.
But an ambush by enemies forces Sophia into hiding. Disguising herself as a peasant girl until she can safely return, she meet’s Major Gabriel Knight, a wounded warrior whose brush with death has utterly changed him.
Heir to a great fortune, and a master swordsman, Gabriel has given up his worldly possession’s and laid down his arm’s. Sophia is fascinated by his brooding magnetism, and Gabriel, lured by her fiery beauty and healed by her touch, is drawn back inexorably toward the world of the living.
But when Sophia’s royal destiny is revealed, Gabriel know’s he must take up his sword again, whatever the cost, to protect his princess. . .
My View :
I may sound very Repetitive, but i don’t care I am going to say it again; I absolutely adore this Series and this one in particular is hand’s down my favorite. I do have a certain love for more fragile and scarred character’s and Gabriel Knight is that in spade’s and in her own way so is Sophia, I just love it.
There is just something really special about Gabriel he is this great warrior, a wonderful man who’s entire life revolved around fighting for what he believed in, fighting to protect his men, his family and sometime’s him self. But he is also a severely scarred hero, when he pushed his brother Derek out of the way and took a arrow in the chest for him it changed him, it changed his mentality and how he look’s at thing’s, in some way’s since he was wounded Gabriel is like a child seeing everything new. At the same time he is one hell of a lover, once he set’s his mind on the fact that he love’s Sophia nothing will get in his way, he will move heaven and hell for her and it is spine tingling just how fierce he can be when something get’s in his way.
Gabriel stood with one foot braced on the bow with the sea foam flying around him and a spyglass to his eye, angrily searching the rolling waves. The long end’s of his black wool greatcoat billowed in the cold wind as he held onto the rail balance himself.
Somewhere out there, she was waiting for him.
He could feel her. But his thought’s focused darkly on her captors.
If you harm one hair on her head. . .
No Mercy.
The relationship’s in this is as ever so beautifully written and so very real and engaging, the way Gabriel and Sophia are when they are together it is simply magical, the sexual tension between the two practically leap’s of the page and you are willing them to finally get on with it. But obviously there is so many obstacle in their way, the fact that she is Queen of Kavros and he is just her body guard weigh’s so very heavily on both of them, but once they do decide to throw caution to the wind and get together is it well worth it.
She touched his hair, his shoulders, his arms. She lifted his hand to her lip’s and kissed it lovingly, then she looked into his blue, blue eye’s with the threat of tear’s in her own. She willed them back and cupped his hard, beautiful face for a moment.
“I will always love you,” she whispered calmly. “Always. And if there is a child, I will tell him everything about you.”
“Princess.” He crushed her and claimed her mouth, his kiss seared her very soul with his fiery passion. When he ended it, he lowered himself slowly to his knees and kissed her belly for a long moment with his eye’s closed.
Sophia caressed his raven hair.
He rose again and took her gently in his arms, grazing his lips along her forehead, with a low burning vow.
“I will come back to you.”
It is very saddening really that this is the very last time that we will ever get to see what the brilliant Knight’s are doing, but this is one hell of a way to finish a brilliant series. We may be saying farewell to such a well loved and brilliant family, but we will still have them with us. That is the absolute brilliance of this Series and the previous one ~ The Knight Miscellany ~ we have fallen in love with the entire family but we can always go back again and again and every time you re-read on it is just as brilliant as when you first read it.
The entire Knight’s were a stroke of genius from Gaelen Foley, which just goes to show just why she is the best Historical Romance writer around, she so easily create’s character’s that stay’s with you for a Lifetime.
Absolutely magical on every level.

A Chat With. . .Author Collette Cameron

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Today at Chick’s Rogue’s and Scandals’ I am absolutely thrilled to have Bestselling, award-winning Historical Romance Author, Collette Cameron, stop by for a chat. So let’s get to know a little bit about the lovely Collette. . .

Collette Cameron

Collette pens Scottish and Regency Romances featuring rogues, rapscallions, rakes, and the intrepid damsels who reform them. Mother to three and self-proclaimed Cadbury chocoholic, she’s crazy about dachshunds, cobalt blue, and makes her home in Oregon with her husband and five mini-dachshunds. You’ll always find animals, quirky—sometimes naughty—humor, and a dash of inspiration in her novels.

Her motto for life? You can’t have too much chocolate, too many hugs, too many flowers, or too many books. She’s thinking about adding shoes to that list.

Reading Chick : Hi Collette, Welcome to Chicks, Rogues and Scandals, Thank you for taking the time to chat with me today, Firstly what five word’s would you use to describe yourself?

Collette : Thank you so much for having me as a guest today! Five words to describe myself? Hmm, well, organized, creative, witty, observant, and introverted.

Reading Chick : If you could live in any era and place, When and where would it be? And Why?

Collette : Only one? It would have to be Scotland in the early 1800s. I’m crazy about anything associated with Scotland, but during that era, Scotland mirrored much of what happened in England’s Regency Era. Plus, I might get to see an occasional Highlander in a kilt!

Reading Chick : Mmm!! Yeah! That doe’s seem pretty ideal to me, who doesn’t like a rugged Highlander in a kilt? 🙂 OK, on we go, Who was your childhood hero?

Collette : I didn’t have one. I suppose that makes me odd, but I truly didn’t have any idols or heroes.

Reading Chick : It’s not odd at all Collette, every one to their own I say, What is your favorite time of the year?

Collette : I adore Christmastime, but as for a season, my favorite is late spring/early summer. Everything is starting to bloom, and where I live things are very green too.

Reading Chick : Sound’s a lot like my own home, everything green and full of bloom. Out of all your work, who is your favorite character and why?

Collette : You do know I’ll have all of my other characters peeved at me if I name just one, don’t you? I rather adored Lucan, the Duke of Harcourt my hero in Heartbreak and Honor, though he’d appeared in several other books too. I think it’s because I knew him best, and his character growth impressed me.

Reading Chick : Very nice! Your book’s are incredible, where doe’s your inspiration for them come from?

Collette : Just about anything will inspire me in some way. My Conundrums of the Misses Culpepper series is about 5 sisters and cousins and I drew my on my experiences with my three sisters and a cousin I was very close to as an inspiration for that series. For my Highland Heather Romancing a Scot Series, I wanted to combine my love of Scotland and Regency England in a series that portrayed both. I include lots of dogs in my books (yes, I’m a dog-lover) and my humor creeps in often as well. A few readers don’t think I’m all that funny, though.

Reading Chick : That is very interesting. As a fellow dog-lover and owner I completely relate to you Collette, What three tip’s would you pass on to an aspiring author?

Collette : Never stop striving to improve your craft. Attend conference, participate in workshops, and read books on writing. Find your own unique voice. It’s fine to admire other authors, but you don’t want to mimic them. Develop a trusted circle of other authors you can trust, ask questions of, and who support you. Be prepared to do the same for them.

Reading Chick : Wow! Those are some brilliant tip’s and I am pretty certain that any up and coming author will be very grateful to you for sharing them, If you were hosting a dinner party what three people would you invite? (They can be real/fictional, dead or alive)

Collette : Oh, this is a hard one. Queen Victoria has always fascinated me, and so has Benjamin Franklin. For the third, I think I’d have to invite Jane Austen. I’m dying to ask her what she’d think of so many people being such fans of the era she wrote about.

Reading Chick : Thank you, I do try and get the little grey cell’s active, those are really great choices’, I think Jane Austen is definitely a must. Thank you again for taking the time out of your busy schedule to chat with me today, I have just one more cheeky question, just for fun. . .What is your all time favorite naughty but nice food?

Collette : Oh, now we’re telling secrets! I confess to a real love of crème brulee. We took a cruise a few years ago, and I had it for dessert every night.

Reading Chick : That sounded like a lot of fun, Thank you again Collette.

Her award-winning Castle Brides Series, Highland Heather Romancing a Scot Series, and Conundrums of the Misses Culpeppers Series, as well as her other books, are all available on Amazon and other major retailers.

Click on the link’s below and Connect with Collette

Website : Collette Cameron

Amazon : Collette Biography

Blog : Blue Rose Romance Blog

Twitter : @Collette_Author

Facebook : Colette Cameron Author

Regency Rose Newsletter : Sign Up

A Chat With. . .Author Jennifer Ashley

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I promised you all that I was Interviewing some incredible author’s and here at Chicks Rogues and Scandals I am very honored and happy to welcome the best selling author of the brilliant Mackenzie’s and so many other wonderful book’s that there is too many to name, Jennifer Ashley. So take a seat and let’s get to know Jennifer. . .

Reading Chick : Hi Jennifer, Welcome to Chicks, Rogues and Scandals and Thank you for taking the time to chat with me today, Firstly what five word’s would you use to describe yourself?

 
Jennifer : Imaginative, reclusive, shy, meditative, and happy.

 
Reading Chick : I can definitely relate to those, If you could live in any era and place, When and where would it be? And Why?

 
Jennifer : Well, I like indoor plumbing and technology, so probably I’d live here and now. 🙂 But I wouldn’t mind visiting Regency England, ancient Rome, France in the nineteenth century, Japan during the Heian period (11th century).

 
Reading Chick : Heian Period? That is a really interesting period to want to visit, Who was your childhood hero?

 
Jennifer : I’m not sure I had a single one. I admire very strong women, like Amelia Earhardt who wasn’t afraid to get out there and fly in an era where women didn’t assert themselves. Likewise Josephine Baker, an exotic dancer who worked for the French resistance and passed information and secrets to the allies in WWII. I always respected female rock singers as I was growing up, like Chrissie Hynde and Ann & Nancy Wilson for foraging in a male-dominated world. They made me realize that I should not let my gender stop me from doing whatever I want.

Josephine Baker
Amelia Earhart

 
Reading Chick : I think those are really great role model’s to look up to Jennifer, I totally agree with you there that we women should never let our sex stop us from doing what we want, OK, On we go. What is your favorite time of the year?

 
Jennifer : I live in the hot desert, so I love spring and fall, when the weather is pleasant (not too hot, not too cold), and flowers are blooming everywhere. Summer is brutal!

 
Reading Chick : Out of all your work, who is your favorite character and why?

 
Jennifer : Wow, that is hard to say! I love Ian Mackenzie of course, but I love all his brothers, and his nephew Daniel, and his ancesctor Malcolm and his brothers. There’s just something about a Mackenzie! I equally like the kind-of crazy shiftersin my paranormal romances, and Mick from the Stormwalker series I write as Allyson James (a dragon who changes into a very sexy man) 🙂 But I also love Captain Lacey in the mystery series I write as Ashley Gardner. I’ve been with him a long time, and he’s wonderful to write about.

The Hanover Square Affair Firewalker by Allyson James The Madness of Lord Ian Mackenzie by Jennifer Ashley Pride Mates by Jennifer Ashley
Reading Chick : Wow there is some absolutly brilliant character’s there, I have to say that I too adore Ian MacKenzie, He is brilliant, Your books are incredible, where does your inspiration for them come from?

 
Jennifer : Thank you! Mostly my inspiration comes from the characters. I “meet” these people who walk into my head, and I want to know all about them. So I put them in a scene and watch what they do. The book evolves as I learn more and more about them. This is exactly how the Mackenzie family came about. I love meeting new characters!

 
Reading Chick : That is very interesting, What three tips would you pass on to an aspiring author?

 
Jennifer : 1. Read as much as you can, in all genres, not just the one you want to write. It keeps you fresh and sparks different directions you can go. 2. Write all the time. Every day. Make it a habit. 3. Never give up! Writing and publishing is a tough business, and it’s hard to stay motivated when you’re discouraged. Don’t let anything stop you. Ever.

 
Reading Chick : Great Tip’s Jennifer, If you were hosting a dinner party what three people would you invite? (They can be real/fictional, dead or alive)

 
Jennifer : Alan Rickman, Hart Mackenzie (from The Duke’s Perfect Wife), and Jane Austen.

 
Reading Chick : Ooh! those are really great guest’s, Can I come too? 🙂 Thank you again for taking the time out of your busy schedule to chat with me today, I have just one more cheeky question, just for fun. . .What is your all time favorite naughty but nice food?

 
Jennifer : Anything chocolate!!

 

For more information about Jennifer and her book’s then click on the link’s below

Website : Jennifer Ashley

Twitter : @JennAllyson

Facebook : Jennifer Ashley

Goodreads : Jennifer Ashley

 

Weekend Hottie’s ~ Uniform

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You may have probably noticed my all time love of a Man in Uniform, Yes I will admit it. There is something very appealing about a handsome man in full dress uniform. So this week’s “Hottie’s” is all about our Uniformed lovely’s. . .

As always, Enjoy!

(Like a fine wine, he just get’s better with age!) Paul McGann; William Bush from Hornblower
(Look into those smoldering eye’s!) Aiden Turner; Do I really have to say who this sex-god is?
(Ruffled but still a handsome chap!) Rupert Friend; Mr Wickham from Pride and Prejudiced

 

(Your handsome Prince has come) James Norton; Prince Andrei from War and Peace
(Is this really Neville Longbottom? The boy has grow!) Matthew Lewis; Towerblock from Bluestone 42

There is a few of my favorite’s have you got any favorite “Men in Uniform” that you want to introduce me to? let me know!